Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was a Russian composer of the Romantic period. He is the author of some of the best-known works in the History of Classical Music, such as the ballets Swan Lake, Romeo and Juliet, the 1812 Overture and Sleeping Beauty and The Nutcracker. He was born on April 25, 1840 (Vótkinsk, Russia) and died on November 6, 1893 (Saint Petersburg, Russia)